Fleas are small insects that bite and can causes diseases. Know what fleas look like and how to stop them from invading your home.
Fleas have 4 stages in their life cycle: egg, larva, pupa (cocoon), and adult.
Eggs: Eggs will hatch in one to ten days depending on environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity. After hatching from an egg, fleas enter their larval stage.
Larvae: Larvae are free moving and feed on blood and flea feces. Within 5-20 days of feeding on flea dirt, the larvae will spin a cocoon, and enter the pupa stage.
Pupa: The cocoon protects pupa from environmental conditions and insecticides/repellents for several days or weeks until adult fleas are ready to emerge.
Adult: Adult fleas will not emerge from the cocoon until there is a clear presence of a host, such as movement or body heat, which will signal that there is a blood meal readily available.
Adult females begin to feed from a host within a few hours of emerging from the cocoon and soon after will mate and begin laying eggs. Fleas prefer animal hosts but will resort to biting people when animals are unavailable. Adult fleas find hosts by detecting body heat, movement, the vibrations caused by movement, and breathing.
To rid your home of fleas, work with a licensed commercial pest control company. In order to get rid of fleas in all stages of the life cycle, two or more follow-up treatments within 5-10 days after the first application are needed.
Wash bedding, rugs, and pet bedding. Thoroughly vacuum and sweep floors and carpeted areas, as well as along the edges of walls.
Every pet in the home must be treated. Talk to your veterinarian about choosing the right flea control product for your pet.